Medical and Public Health

Within the federal government, the medical field encompasses nurses, physical therapists, pharmacists, dental officers, veterinarians and many other public health occupations.

For example, physical therapists at the Department of Veterans Affairs help rehabilitate wounded warriors. Public health advisors at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention coordinate responses to potential epidemics. Health scientists at the Environmental Protection Agency research the impact of pollution control programs.

Top Agencies with Employees in Medical and Public Health# of Current Employees
Department of Veterans Affairs 180,986
Department of the Army 26,702
Department of Health and Human Services 21,617
Department of the Navy 7,462
Department of the Air Force 4,643
Department of Defense 3,016
Department of Agriculture 2,661
Department of Justice 2,641
Department of Labor 1,346
Department of Homeland Security 290

Percentage of Employees in Medical and Public Health% of Current Employees
Armed Forces Retirement Home 63%
Department of Veterans Affairs 56%
Department of Health and Human Services 34%
Department of the Army 12%
Department of Labor 9%
U.S. Agency for International Development 7%
Department of the Navy 4%
Department of Agriculture 4%
Department of Defense 3%
Department of the Air Force 3%

Top Medical and Public Health Positions# of Current Employees
Nurse73,781
Medical Support Assistance23,980
Medical Officer20,720
Practical Nurse17,949
Nursing Assistant12,084
Health Aid and Technician10,803
General Health Science9,430
Pharmacist8,387

Top Positions by RegionPercentage
South Atlantic27.8%
Pacific West10.1%
West South Central 3.5%
East North Central5.7%
Mountain West4.9%
Mid-Atlantic7.9%
West North Central2.1%
East South Central3.9%
Northeast3.6%
Positions Overseas1.25%
Job Series Codes

You can search USAJOBS.gov using keywords or the job series code, a four-digit number corresponding to a government job category. The most common  medical and public health job series codes are listed below.

0601: General Health Science

0603: Physician’s Assistant

0610: Nurse

0633: Physical Therapist

0660: Pharmacist

Did You Know?

There are more than 4,600 employees in medical and public health fields working abroad

About one third of agencies have employees working in medicine or public health

Top states with federal employees in medicine and public health: New York, Texas, California, Florida, Maryland and Georgia


Sample Positions

Job Title: Medical Officer (General Surgery) 
Agency: Indian Health Service 
Salary Range:$98,967 to $325,000/year 

As a medical officer, you will: 

  • Direct and participate in the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures involved in the examination, treatment and care of the full range of surgery patients
  • Provide consultation with members of the surgical staff on matter of patient

Job Title: Veterinary Medical Officer 
Agency: Food Safety and Inspection Service
Salary Range: $59,246 to $92,316/Year 

As a veterninary medical officer, you will: 

  • Plan, organize, coordinate and adapt the full range of meat and poultry inspection operations in slaughter and/or processing establishments
  • Ensure establishments meet requirements of the Pathogen Reduction and Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) regulations
  • Oversee consumer protection, non-food safety concerns such as proper labeling and packaging